Appendix A: Tree Species Selection

The following list of tree species are suitable selections for planting. With regard to any other location in the city boundary, the choice will be at BTP’s discretion. Only in extreme circumstances is a sponsor declined their first choice.

Generally, the specie is stated below, but there are many cultivars available within the species range. These are considered suitable if there is a desire for a specific type. Anyone wishing to select a tree should cross reference the TDAG specie selection criteria, that gives guidance on tree sizes and various tolerances.


Cephalotaxacea - Cowtail Pine Family
Cephalotaxus fortuni - Chinese Cowtail Pine
Cupressaceae - Cypress Family 
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - Nootka Cypress
Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘ Plumosa’ - Sawara Cypress
Juniperus chinensis - Chinese Juniper
Thuja plicata - Western Red Cedar
Ginkgoaceae* - Ginkgo Family
Ginkgo biloba - Maidenhair Tree

*Not a true conifer.
Pinaceae - Pine Family
Abies grandis - Grand Fir
Abies procera - Noble Fir
Cedrus atlantica - Atlas Cedar
Cedrus deodara - Deodar Cedar
Cedrus libani - Cedar of Lebanon
Larix X eurolepis - Hybrid Larch
Picea abies - Norway Spruce
Picea omorika - Serbian Spruce
Picea sitchensis - Sitka Spruce
Pinus contorta var latifolia - Lodgepole Pine
Pinus nigra - Austrian Pine
Pinus ponderosa - Ponderosa Pine
Pinus sylvestris - Scots Pine
Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas Fir
Tsuga canadensis - Eastern Hemlock
Tsuga heterophylla - Western Hemlock
Taxaceae - Yew Family
Taxus baccata - Yew
Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata' - Irish Yew
Torreya californica - Californian Nutmeg
Cryptomeria japonica - Japanese Red Cedar
Metasequoia glyptostroboides - Dawn Redwood
Sequoia sempervirens - Coast Redwood
Sequoiadendron giganteum - Giant Sequoia
Taxodium distichum - Swamp Cypress

Broadleaved Tree Species

Aquifoliaceae - Holly Family
Ilex aquifolium - Holly
Ilex aquifolium 'Aurea marginata' - Holly
Ilex aquifolium ‘Ferox argentata’ - Variegated Hedgehog
Ilex X altaclarensis - Highclere Holly
Aralia elata - Japanese Angelica Tree
Betulaceae - Birch Family
Alnus cordata - Italian Alder
Alnus glutinosa - Common Alder
Betula jacquemontii - Jacquemont's Birch
Betula pendula - Silver Birch
Betula pubescens - Downy Birch
Bignoniaceae - Bignonia Family
Catalpa bignonoides - Indian Bean Tree
Catalpa X erubescens - Hybrid Catalpa
Sambucus nigra - Elder
Carpinaceae - Hornbeam Family
Carpinus betula - Hornbeam
Carpinus betula 'Fastigiata' - Hornbeam
Euonymus latifolius - Large-leaved Spindle
Cercidiphyllaceae - Katsura Family
Cercidiphyllum japonicum - Katsura Tree
Cornaceae - Dogwood Family
Cornus mas - Cornellian Cherry
Corylaceae - Hazel Family
Corylus avellana - Hazel
Corylus colurna - Turkish Hazel
Ericaceae - Heather Family
Enkianthus campanulatus
Gaultheria shallon
Pieris formosa
Pieris japonica
Eucommiaceae - Gutta-percha Family
Eucommia ulmoides - Gutta-percha Tree
Gymnocladus dioicus - Kentucky Coffee Tree
Fabaceae - Pea Family
Robinia pseudoacacia - False Acacia
Sophora japonica - Pagoda Tree
Fagaceae - Beech Family*
Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut
Fagus sylvatica - Beech
Fagus sylvatica 'Heterophylla' - Fern-leaved Beech
Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea' - Copper Beech
Nothofagus obliqua - Roble Beech
Nothofagus procera - Rauli
Quercus cerris - Turkey Oak
Quercus ilex - Holm Oak
Quercus petraea - Sessile Oak
Quercus robur - Pedunculate or English Oak
Quercus rubra - Red Oak
Quercus X hispanica - Lucombe Oak
Quercus X rosaceae - Pedunculate X Sessile Oak

*The supply and movement of Quercus species is currently restricted in the UK.
Hamamelidaceae - Witch-hazel Family
Hamamelis mollis - Witch-hazel
Liquidambar styraciflua - Sweetgum
Parrotiopsis jaquemontiana - Parrotiopsis
Juglandaceae - Walnut Family
Pterocarya fraxinifolia - Caucasian Wingnut
Magnoliaceae - Magnolia Family
Liriodendron tulipifera - Tulip-tree
Magnolia grandiflora - Southern Magnolia
Malvaceae – Mallow Family*
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved Lime  
Tilia euchlora - Caucasian Lime  
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Lime  
Tilia tomentosa - Silver Lime  
Tilia X europea - Common Lime

*Tilia will not be considered for planting on the highway, under the guide of the emerging tree planting strategy.
Moraceae - Mulberry Family
Morus alba - White Mulberry
Morus nigra - Black Mulberry
Nyssaceae - Tupelo Family
Davidia involucrata - Handkerchief Tree
Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo
Oleaceae - Olive Family
Fraxinus americana - White Ash
Fraxinus angustifolia - Narrow-leaved Ash
Fraxinus latifolia - Oregon Ash
Fraxinus manchurica - Manchurian Ash
Fraxinus ornus - Manna Ash
Fraxinus oxycarpa - Caucasian Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica - Red Ash
Fraxinus sogdiana
Platanaceae - Plane Family
Platanus X acerifolia - London Plane
Rosaceae - Rose Family*
Amelanchier laevis - Snowy Mespil
Cotoneaster frigidus - Himalayan Tree-cotoneaster
Crataegus monogyna - Hawthorn
Crataegus oxyacantha - Midland Hawthorn ‘Paul’s Scarlet’
Crataegus X lavallei - Hybrid Cockspur Thorn
Malus sp - Apple sp.
Prunus sp - Cherry sp.
Sorbus aucuparia - Rowan
Sorbus aria - Whitebeam
Sorbus cashmiriana - Kashmir Rowan
Sorbus intermedia - Swedish Whitebeam
Sorbus torminalis - Wild Service Tree
Sorbus X thuringiaca - Bastard Service Tree

*BTP are not currently accepting trees from the Rosaceae family, as they are overrepresented in the city under our 10-20-30 guidance.
Salicaceae - Willow Family
Populus alba 'Pyramidalis' - White Poplar
Populus X canescens - Grey Poplar
Populus X euramericana - Hybrid Black Poplar
Populus tremula - Aspen
Salix alba - White Willow
Salix alba 'Argentea' - Silver Willow
Salix caprea - Goat Willow
Salix cinerea - Grey Willow
Salix fragilis - Crack Willow
Sapindaceae - Soapberry Family
Acer hersii - Hers’s Maple
Acer japonicum - Downy Japanese Maple
Acer negundo - Ash-leaved Maple
Acer palmatum - Smooth Japanese Maple
Acer platanoides - Norway Maple
Acer rufinerve - Snake-bark Maple
Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse Chestnut
Koelreuteria paniculata - Pride of India
Simaroubaceae - Quassia Family
Ailanthus altissima - Tree of Heaven
Staphyllea pinnata - Bladder Nut
Styracaceae - Storax Family
Halesia Carolina - Snowdrop Tree
Styrax japonica - Snowbell
Theaceae - Tea Family
Stuartia pseudocamellia - Deciduous Camellia
Ulmaceae - Elm Family*
Ulmus glabra - Wych Elm
Zelkova serrata - Zelkova

*Trees from this family must be proven species resistant to DED.

Forest clearing stock photo